Разбор текста ЗАКОНА о присоединении Крыма и Севастополя к России

Договор от 18 марта 2014 года

Попробую кратко разобрать то, что касается нас, живущих в Крыму, и желающих переехать сюда или приехать отдохнуть, например в санаторий полтава-крым. Прошу учесть, что я не юрист, разбираю согласно своему пониманию ситуации, если вы увидите неточности, сообщайте в комментариях, будем разбираться.

Итак, государственные языки Крыма: русский, украинский, крымско-татарский, согласно статье 3.2.

Статья 5:

«Со дня принятия в Российскую Федерацию Республики Крым и образования в составе Российской Федерации новых субъектов граждане Украины и лица без гражданства, постоянно проживающие на этот день на территории Республики Крым или на территории города федерального значения Севастополя, признаются гражданами Российской Федерации, за исключением лиц, которые в течение одного месяца после этого дня заявят о своем желании сохранить имеющееся у них и (или) их несовершеннолетних детей иное гражданство либо остаться лицами без гражданства.»

То есть все украинские граждане, прописанные в Крыму на дату 18.03.14 могут поменять паспорт на Российский.

Сейчас уже прописываться в Крыму для получения российского гражданства смысла нет. Но есть вот такие объявления (телефон убрала, он все равно не отвечает 2й день), которые помогают обойти это закон. Мне самой интересна стоимость, но пока трубку не берут. Думаю, не меньше 2-3 тысяч долларов.

Если человек постоянно проживал, но не прописан, то он тоже имеет право на российский паспорт, но придется собрать доказательство того, что имело место проживание: справки с места работы, учебы, свидетельские показания соседей… Этот пункт не до конца доработан, я буду дополнять в этой статье по мере прояснения ситуации.

На 7 апреля заявлений об отказе от российского гражданства поступило 6 штук.

Статья 6

«Со дня принятия в Российскую Федерацию Республики Крым и образования в составе Российской Федерации новых субъектов и до 1 января 2015 года действует переходный период, в течение которого урегулируются вопросы интеграции новых субъектов Российской Федерации в экономическую, финансовую, кредитную и правовую системы Российской Федерации, в систему органов государственной власти Российской Федерации, а также вопросы исполнения воинской обязанности и несения военной службы на территориях Республики Крым и города федерального значения Севастополя.»

Это значит, что частично еще будут действовать украинские законы, частично российские, ходить обе валюты (гривна — до 1 января 2016 года, ст.16) и прочее.

Статья 9

1. «Законодательные и иные нормативные правовые акты Российской Федерации действуют на территориях Республики Крым и города федерального значения Севастополя со дня принятия в Российскую Федерацию Республики Крым и образования в составе Российской Федерации новых субъектов, если иное не предусмотрено законодательством Российской Федерации.

3. Нормативные правовые акты Автономной Республики Крым и города Севастополя, Республики Крым и города с особым статусом Севастополя, противоречащие Конституции Российской Федерации, не применяются.»

То есть действует и российское законодательство, и Крымское если оно не противоречит российскому.

Статья 11. «Гарантии в сфере социальной защиты и охраны здоровья

1. Граждане Украины и лица без гражданства, постоянно проживающие на территории Республики Крым или на территории города федерального значения Севастополя на день принятия в Российскую Федерацию Республики Крым и образования в составе Российской Федерации новых субъектов, признанные гражданами Российской Федерации в соответствии с настоящим Федеральным конституционным законом или приобретшие гражданство Российской Федерации в соответствии с законодательством Российской Федерации о гражданстве, имеют право на получение пенсий, пособий и предоставление иных мер социальной поддержки, а также на охрану здоровья в соответствии с законодательством Российской Федерации.

2. Общая сумма материального обеспечения неработающих пенсионеров из числа граждан и лиц, указанных в части 1 настоящей статьи, не может быть меньше величины прожиточного минимума пенсионера, установленной в Республике Крым и городе федерального значения Севастополе.

3. Размеры пенсий, пособий (в том числе единовременных), компенсаций и иных видов социальных выплат, а также гарантий, установленных в денежной форме отдельным категориям граждан и лиц, указанных в части 1 настоящей статьи, не могут быть ниже размеров пенсий, пособий (в том числе единовременных), компенсаций и иных видов социальных выплат, а также гарантий, установленных в денежной форме и выплачиваемых этим категориям граждан и лиц по состоянию на 21 февраля 2014 года. При изменении порядка и условий реализации льгот, предоставлявшихся этим категориям граждан и лиц до 21 февраля 2014 года в натуральной форме, а также порядка и условий осуществления выплат, производимых до указанной даты, совокупный объем финансирования соответствующих льгот и выплат не может быть уменьшен, а условия их предоставления не могут быть ухудшены. Размеры пенсий, пособий (в том числе единовременных), компенсаций и иных видов социальных выплат, а также гарантий, установленных в денежной форме, приводятся в соответствие с размерами таких социальных выплат и гарантий, предусмотренных законодательством Российской Федерации, в течение переходного периода.»

Выплаты пенсий и социальных пособий не могут быть меньше тех, что были по украинским законам и не могут быть меньше прожиточного минимума, определенного для Крыма.

Статья 12. Действие документов, выданных государственными и иными официальными органами Украины, государственными и иными официальными органами Автономной Республики Крым и города Севастополя

На территориях Республики Крым и города федерального значения Севастополя действуют документы, в том числе подтверждающие гражданское состояние, образование, право собственности, право пользования, право на получение пенсий, пособий, компенсаций и иных видов социальных выплат, право на получение медицинской помощи, а также разрешительные документы (лицензии, кроме лицензий на осуществление банковских операций и лицензий (разрешений) на осуществление деятельности некредитных финансовых организаций), выданные государственными и иными официальными органами Украины, государственными и иными официальными органами Автономной Республики Крым, государственными и иными официальными органами города Севастополя, без ограничения срока их действия и какого-либо подтверждения со стороны государственных органов Российской Федерации, государственных органов Республики Крым или государственных органов города федерального значения Севастополя, если иное не вытекает из самих документов или существа отношения.»

Почти все документы, выданные во время пребывания Крыма в составе Украины действительны.

Статья 13

«4. До 1 января 2015 года налоговые и неналоговые доходы, предусмотренные нормативными правовыми актами соответственно Автономной Республики Крым и города Севастополя, Республики Крым и города с особым статусом Севастополя, Республики Крым и города федерального значения Севастополя, подлежат зачислению соответственно в бюджет Республики Крым, бюджет города федерального значения Севастополя и местные бюджеты.»

До 2015 года все налоги платятся в бюджет Крыма.

Статья 18. «Организация деятельности некредитных финансовых организаций на территориях Республики Крым и города федерального значения Севастополя

1. На территориях Республики Крым и города федерального значения Севастополя со дня принятия в Российскую Федерацию Республики Крым и образования в составе Российской Федерации новых субъектов некредитные финансовые организации осуществляют свою деятельность при наличии права (разрешения) на ее осуществление, полученного в порядке и на условиях, установленных законодательством Российской Федерации, за исключением случая, предусмотренного частью 2 настоящей статьи.

2. До 1 января 2015 года на территориях Республики Крым и города федерального значения Севастополя некредитные финансовые организации, зарегистрированные на этих территориях и имеющие разрешения на осуществление такой деятельности, выданные государственными и иными официальными органами Украины и действующие по состоянию на 16 марта 2014 года, могут осуществлять свою деятельность с учетом особенностей, установленных законодательством Российской Федерации. Указанные организации могут получить до 1 января 2015 года разрешение на осуществление своей деятельности в порядке и на условиях, установленных законодательством Российской Федерации.»

То есть предприниматели до 1 января 2015 года могут работать на основе документов, полученных на Украине.

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